Online Guide to Ethics and Moral Philosophy


Robert Cavalier

Philosophy Department
Carnegie Mellon

Part I History of Ethics

Preface: The Life of Socrates
Section 1: Greek Moral Philosophy
Section 2: Hellenistic and Roman Ethics
Section 3: Early Christian Ethics
Section 4: Modern Moral Philosophy
Section 5: 20th Century Analytic Moral Philosophy

Part II Concepts and Problems

Preface: Meta-ethics, Normative Ethics and Applied Ethics
Section 1: Ethical Relativism
Section 2: Ethical Egoism
Section 3: Utilitarian Theories
Section 4: Deontological Theories
Section 5: Virtue Ethics
Section 6: Liberal Rights and Communitarian Theories
Section 7: Ethics of Care
Section 8: Case-based Moral Reasoning
Section 9: Moral Pluralism

Part III Applied Ethics

Preface: The Field of Applied Ethics
Section 1: The Topic of Euthanasia
Multimedia Module: A Right to Die? The Dax Cowart Case
Section 2: The Topic of Abortion
Multimedia Module: The Issue of Abortion in America
Postscript: Conflict Resolution

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St. Augustine (354 - 430 AD)

Many internet resources for Augustine can be found at the Augustine site. These resources include a series of essays by James O'Donnell. One of those essays has a brief biographical note on "Augustine the African."


  • Inherits Platonism and 'Christianizes' Plato

  • The Divided Line becomes the dichotomy between the world of natural desires and the realm of divine order

  • Adds the concepts of sin, free will, and a personal God

  • This world becomes the 'testing ground' for future reward and punishment

See Thomas Losoncy on Augustine's notion of Moral Evil. See also excerpts from the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy article on Augustine, as well as excerpts from Augustine's City of God.



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Copyright 2002 (first published 1/96)

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